Rochester Institute of Technology

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Searches for Continuous Gravitational Waves from Fifteen Supernova Remnants and Fomalhaut b with Advanced LIGO
By LIGO and Virgo Scientific Collaboration
Published in The Astrophysical Journal 875, 122 (Tuesday, April 23, 2019)

Abstract

We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) from 16 well-localized candidate neutron stars, assuming none of the stars has a binary companion. The searches were directed toward 15 supernova remnants and Fomalhaut b, a directly imaged extrasolar planet candidate that has been suggested to be a nearby old neutron star. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second time derivatives. After coherently integrating spans of data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run of 3.5–53.7 days per search, applying data-based vetoes, and discounting known instrumental artifacts, we found no astrophysical signals. We set upper limits on intrinsic GW strain as strict as 1 × 10−25, fiducial neutron star ellipticity as strict as 2 × 10−9, and fiducial r-mode amplitude as strict as 3 × 10−8.