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Bipolar Planetary Nebulae from Outflow Collimation by Common Envelope Evolution
By Yangyuxin Zou, Adam Frank, Zhuo Chen, Thomas Reichardt, Orsola De Marco, Eric G. Blackman, Jason Nordhaus, Bruce Balick, Jonathan Carroll-Nellenback, Luke Chamandy, Baowei Liu
Published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 497, 2855 (Friday, July 24, 2020)


The morphology of bipolar planetary nebulae can be attributed to interactions between a fast wind from the central engine and dense toroidal shaped ejecta left over from common envelope evolution. Here we use the 3-D hydrodynamic adaptive mesh refinement code AsrtroBEAR to study the possibility that bipolar preplanetary nebula outflows can emerge collimated even from an uncollimated spherical wind in the aftermath of a common envelope event. The output of a single common envelope simulation via the smoothed particle hydrodynamics code PHANTOM serves as the initial conditions for our simulations. Four cases of winds, all with high enough momenta to account for observed high momenta preplanetary nebula outflows, are injected spherically from the region of the common envelope binary remnant into the ejecta. We compare cases with two different values of momenta and cases with no radiative cooling versus application of optically thin emission via a cooling curve to the outflow. Our simulations show that in all cases highly collimated bipolar outflows result from deflection of the spherical wind via the interaction with the common envelope ejecta. Significant asymmetries between the top and bottom lobes are seen in all cases, reflecting the influence of asymmetries in the turbulent dynamics of the common envelope interaction. The asymmetry is strongest for the lower momentum case with radiative cooling. While real post common envelope winds may not be spherical, our models show that collimation via "inertial confinement" will be strong enough to create jet-like outflows even beginning with maximally uncollimated drivers.

CCRG Authors

Nordhaus, Jason