RIT Logo with Text
Black Holes in Active Galactic Nuclei
By M. J. Valtonen S. Mikkola D. Merritt A. Gopakumar H. J. Lehto T. Hyvonen H Rampadarath R. Saunders M Basta R. Hudec
Published in Relativity in Fundamental Astronomy: Dynamics, Reference Frames, and Data Analysis, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 261, 260 (Tuesday, March 9, 2010)


Supermassive black holes are common in centers of galaxies. Among the active galaxies, quasars are the most extreme, and their black hole masses range as high as 60 billion solar masses. Binary black holes are of special interest but so far OJ287 is the only confirmed case with known orbital elements. In OJ287, the binary nature is confirmed by periodic radiation pulses. The period is twelve years with two pulses per period. The last four pulses have been correctly predicted with the accuracy of few weeks, the latest in 2007 with the accuracy of one day. This accuracy is high enough that one may test the higher order terms in the Post Newtonian approximation to General Relativity.